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TOEFL BNC: 3996 COCA: 5211

hostility

noun
/hɒˈstɪləti/
/hɑːˈstɪləti/
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  1. [uncountable] aggressive or unfriendly feelings or behaviour 敌意;对抗
    • There was a barely veiled hostility in her tone.她语气中带着几乎未加掩饰的敌意。
    • hostility to/towards somebody/something feelings of hostility towards people from other backgrounds对不同背景的人的敌视情绪
    • hostility between A and B There was open hostility between the two schools.这两所学校公开相互敌对。
    Extra Examples
    • Mixed-race couples faced open hostility.从前异族通婚的夫妇会遭遇公开的敌视。
    • You could almost feel the hostility between her and her mother.你几乎可以感觉得到她和她母亲之间的那种敌意。
    • the deep hostility felt by many teenagers against the police很多青少年对警察怀有的根深蒂固的敌视情绪
    • The talk lasted well over an hour and he sensed a growing hostility from his audience.谈话进行了足足一个多小时,他感到听众的敌意越来越强。
    • the bitter hostility towards the occupying forces对占领军的切齿痛恨
    Topics Opinion and argumentc1, Feelingsc1
    Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjective
    • bitter
    • considerable
    • deep
    verb + hostility
    • feel
    • sense
    • express
    preposition
    • hostility between
    • hostility against
    • hostility to
    See full entry
  2. [uncountable] strong and angry opposition towards an idea, a plan or a situation(对思想、计划或情形的)愤怒反对,愤怒反抗
    • The proposal was met with outright hostility.提议遭到公然反对。
    • hostility to/towards something public hostility to nuclear power公众对核动力的愤然反对
    Extra Examples
    • There is still considerable public hostility towards nuclear power.仍有不少民众对核能抱着强烈反对的态度。
    • the widespread popular hostility to the war人们普遍反对这场战争的情绪
    • The prime minister was concerned that such a move would arouse public hostility.首相担心这一举动会引起民众的反对。
    Topics Opinion and argumentc1
    Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjective
    • bitter
    • considerable
    • deep
    verb + hostility
    • feel
    • sense
    • express
    preposition
    • hostility between
    • hostility against
    • hostility to
    See full entry
  3. hostilities
    [plural] (formal) acts of fighting in a war战争行为
    • the start/outbreak of hostilities between the two sides双方之间敌对行为的爆发
    • a cessation of hostilities (= an end to fighting)战争停止
    Collocations War and peaceWar and peace战争与和平Starting a war开战
    • declare/​make/​wage war (on somebody/​something)(向…)宣战/挑起战争/发动战争
    • go to war (against/​with somebody)(向…)开战
    • cause/​spark/​provoke/​foment/​quell unrest引起/平息骚乱
    • incite/​lead/​crush/​suppress a revolt/​rebellion煽动/领导/镇压起义/叛乱
    • launch/​mount/​carry out a surprise/​terrorist attack发起/实施突然/恐怖袭击
    • prevent/​halt/​represent an escalation of the conflict防止/阻止/表明冲突升级
    • be torn apart by/​be on the brink of civil war被内战搞得四分五裂;濒于内战
    • enter/​invade/​occupy somebody’s territory进入/侵略/占领某人的领土
    • lead/​launch/​resist/​repel an invasion领导/发起/抵制/击退武装入侵
    Military operations军事行动
    • adopt/​develop/​implement/​pursue a military strategy采用/发展/实施/执行军事战略
    • carry out/​execute/​perform military operations/​manoeuvres
    • send/​deploy/​station/​pull back/​withdraw troops派遣/部署/派驻/撤回部队
    • go on/​fly/​carry out a reconnaissance/​rescue mission进行/驾机执行/执行侦察/营救任务
    • train/​equip/​deploy army/​military/​combat units训练/装备/部署陆军/军事/作战分队
    • lead/​launch/​conduct a raid/​a surprise attack/​an (air/​airborne/​amphibious) assault (on somebody)领导/发起/实施(对某人的)突然袭击/(空中/空投部队/登陆)攻击
    • employ/​use guerrilla tactics采用游击战术
    • conduct/​wage biological/​guerrilla warfare进行/发动生物战/游击战
    • fight/​crush/​defeat the rebels/​the insurgency设法战胜/镇压/挫败叛乱者/叛乱
    • suffer/​inflict a crushing defeat遭受惨败;大获全胜
    • achieve/​win a decisive victory赢得决定性的胜利
    • halt/​stop the British/​German/​Russian advance阻止英国/德国/俄罗斯的前进
    • order/​force a retreat命令/强迫撤退
    Fighting作战
    • join/​serve in the army/​navy/​air force加入陆军/海军/空军;在陆军/海军/空军部队服役
    • be/​go/​remain/​serve on active duty在服现役
    • serve/​complete/​return from a tour of duty在服役;服役完毕;服役归来
    • be sent to the front (line)被派往前线
    • attack/​strike/​engage/​defeat/​kill/​destroy the enemy袭击/攻击敌人;与敌人交战;击败/杀死/消灭敌人
    • see/​report/​be engaged in heavy fighting目睹/报道/参与激战
    • call for/​be met with armed resistance要求/遭遇武装抵抗
    • come under heavy/​machine-gun/​mortar fire冒着激烈的/机关枪的/迫击炮的射击
    • fire a machine-gun/​mortar shells/​rockets (at somebody/​something)(对…)发射机关枪/迫击炮弹/火箭弹
    • shoot a rifle/​a pistol/​bullets/​missiles步枪/手枪射击;发射子弹/导弹
    • launch/​fire a cruise/​ballistic/​anti-tank missile发射巡航/弹道/反坦克导弹
    • use biological/​chemical/​nuclear weapons使用生物/化学/核武器
    • inflict/​suffer/​sustain heavy losses/​casualties遭受惨重损失/伤亡
    • be hit/​killed by enemy/​friendly/​artillery fire被敌军/友军/炮火击中/射死
    • become/​be held as a prisoner of war成为战俘;作为战俘被监禁
    Civilians in war战争中的平民
    • harm/​kill/​target/​protect innocent/​unarmed civilians伤害/杀死/瞄准/保护无辜的/手无寸铁的平民
    • cause/​avoid/​limit/​minimize civilian casualties/​collateral damage导致/避免/限制/最大限度减少平民伤亡/附带性破坏
    • impose/​enforce/​lift a curfew强制实行/解除宵禁
    • engage in/​be a victim of ethnic cleansing参与种族清洗;成为种族清洗的受害者
    • be sent to an internment/​a concentration camp被送到俘虏拘留营/集中营
    • accept/​house/​resettle refugees fleeing from war接受/收容/安置战争难民
    • fear/​threaten military/​violent reprisals害怕/扬言要军事/暴力报复
    • commit/​be accused of war crimes/​crimes against humanity/​genocide犯/被指控犯战争罪/反人类罪/种族灭绝罪
    Making peace和解
    • make/​bring/​win/​achieve/​maintain/​promote peace促使/带来/赢得/实现/保持/促进和平
    • call for/​negotiate/​broker/​declare a ceasefire/​a temporary truce要求/商谈/协商/宣布停战/暂时休战
    • sign a ceasefire agreement签署停战协议
    • call for/​bring/​put an end to hostilities要求发动/引发/结束战争
    • demand/​negotiate/​accept the surrender of somebody/​something强烈要求/商讨/接受…投降
    • establish/​send (in) a peacekeeping force建立/派遣维和部队
    • negotiate/​conclude/​ratify/​sign/​accept/​reject/​break/​violate a peace treaty商讨/达成/正式批准/签署/接受/拒绝/破坏/违反和平协定
    Extra Examples
    • Hostilities broke out between the two provinces later that year.那一年晚些时候两省之间的战正爆发了。
    • Hostilities were resumed later that year.那一年晚些时候战火重燃。
    • On the 11th of November 1918 hostilities ceased.战争于1918 年11 月11日结束。
    • the beginning of hostilities against Germany in 19141914 年对德国战争的开端
    • the official cessation of hostilities against Japan官方停止对日作战
    Topics War and conflictc1
    Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjective
    • major
    • active
    verb + hostilities
    • cease
    • end
    • resume
    hostilities + verb
    • begin
    • break out
    • commence
    preposition
    • hostility against
    • hostility between
    phrases
    • the cessation of hostilities
    • an outbreak of hostilities
    See full entry
  4. Word Originlate Middle English: from French hostilité or late Latin hostilitas, from Latin hostilis, from hostis ‘stranger, enemy’.
TOEFL BNC: 3996 COCA: 5211
hostility

noun¹

1opposition/aggressive feelings or actions敵對情緒或行為ADJECTIVE | VERB + HOSTILITY | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEbitter, considerable, deep, extreme, great, implacable強烈的敵意;難以消解的敵對情緒downright, open, outright, overt十足的/公開的/徹頭徹尾的/公然的敵意Mixed-race couples faced open hostility.從前異族通婚的夫婦會遭遇公開的敵視。veiled隱藏的敵意There was a barely veiled hostility in her tone.她語氣中帶着幾乎未加掩飾的敵意。general, widespread普遍的反對popular, public公眾的敵對情緒the widespread popular hostility to the war人們普遍反對這場戰爭的情緒personal個人的敵對情緒continuing, growing持續的敵對行為;不斷滋長的敵意mutual相互的敵視racial種族敵視VERB + HOSTILITYfeel, sense感到敵意the deep hostility felt by many teenagers against the police很多青少年對警察懷有的根深蒂固的敵視情緒express, show表現出敵意arouse, attract, provoke招致反對;激起敵意Such a move might arouse public hostility.此舉可能會引起民眾反對。be greeted with, be met with, encounter, face, meet with遭到反對The proposal was met with outright hostility.提議遭到公然反對。PREPOSITIONhostility between兩者之間的敵對You could almost feel the hostility between her and her mother.你幾乎可以感覺得到她和她母親之間的那種敵意。hostility against, hostility to, hostility towards/toward對⋯的敵視the bitter hostility towards / toward the occupying forces對佔領軍的切齒痛恨
hostility

noun²

2hostilities fighting in a war交戰ADJECTIVE | VERB + HOSTILITIES | HOSTILITIES + VERB | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEmajor大規模戰爭active (especially NAmE) 進行中的戰爭VERB + HOSTILITIEScease, end武裝衝突結束;停戰Both sides finally agreed to suspend hostilities.雙方終於同意休戰。resume (especially BrE) 重新開戰Hostilities were resumed later that year.那一年晚些時候戰火重燃。HOSTILITIES + VERBbegin, break out, commence戰爭發生/爆發/開始cease, end戰爭停止;戰事結束On the November 11, 1918, hostilities ceased.戰爭於 1918 年 11 月 11 日結束。continue, resume (especially BrE) 戰爭繼續/重新開始PREPOSITIONhostility against反抗⋯的戰爭the official cessation of hostilities against Japan官方停止對日作戰hostility between雙方之間的戰事Hostilities broke out between the two provinces later that year.那一年晚些時候兩省之間的戰正爆發了。PHRASESthe cessation of hostilities休戰an outbreak of hostilities戰事爆發
TOEFL BNC: 3996 COCA: 5211
hostility noun
opposition (public hostility) tension (sense hostility from sb) war (the outbreak of hostilities)
TOEFL BNC: 3996 COCA: 5211
hostility
Opposition: pushback, opposition, disagreement...
Unfriendliness: distance, coldness, hostility...
Wars, battles and military manoeuvres: drawdown, overwatch, war...

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