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TOEFL IELTS BNC: 2013 COCA: 2397

crucial

adjective
/ˈkruːʃl/
/ˈkruːʃl/
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  1. extremely important, because it will affect other things至关重要的;关键性的 synonym critical, essential
    • The next few weeks are going to be crucial.今后几个星期是关键。
    • Private security cameras can prove crucial in some investigations.在一些调查中,私人监控摄像头可能至关重要。
    • Parents play a crucial role in preparing their child for school.父母对孩子做好上学的准备起着至关重要的作用。
    • This step is a crucial part of the process. 这一步是这个过程的关键部分。
    • a crucial step/point关键的一步/一点
    • He wasn't there at the crucial moment (= when he was needed most).紧要关头他却不在那里。
    • a crucial element/factor/question/issue关键要素/因素/问题/议题
    • topics of crucial importance至关重要的课题
    • crucial to something Winning this contract is absolutely crucial to our long term success.赢得这份合同对我们的长期成功绝对是至关重要的。
    • crucial for something The talks are crucial for the success of the plan.这些谈判对计划的成败至关重要。
    • Early detection is crucial in the fight against cancer.早期发现对抗癌至关重要。
    • it is crucial that… It is crucial that we get this right.我们把这个问题弄明白是极其重要的。
    • crucial in doing something The summit was crucial in shaping the reform process.此次峰会对改革进程的形成至关重要。
    Synonyms essentialessential
    • vital
    • crucial
    • critical
    • decisive
    • indispensable
    These words all describe somebody/​something that is extremely important and completely necessary because a particular situation or activity depends on them.
    • essential extremely important and completely necessary, because without it something cannot exist, be made or be successful:
      • Experience is essential for this job.对于这个工作,经验是非常重要的。
    • vital essential:
      • The police play a vital role in our society.警察在我们的社会中起着极其重要的作用。
    essential or vital?用 essential 还是 vital?These words have the same meaning but there can be a slight difference in tone. Essential is used to state a fact or opinion with authority. Vital is often used when there is some worry felt about something, or a need to persuade somebody that a fact or opinion is true, right or important. Vital is less often used in negative statements: It was vital to show that he was not afraid.Money is not vital to happiness.
    • crucial extremely important because a particular situation or activity depends on it:
      • It is crucial that we get this right.我们把这个问题弄明白是极其重要的。
    • critical extremely important because a particular situation or activity depends on it:
      • Your decision is critical to our future.你的决定对我们的将来至关重要。
    crucial or critical?用 crucial 还是 critical?These words have the same meaning but there can be a slight difference in context. Critical is often used in technical matters of business or science; crucial is often used to talk about matters that may cause worry or other emotions.
    • decisive of the greatest importance in affecting the final result of a particular situation:
      • She has played a decisive role in the peace negotiations.她在和谈中起了关键作用。
    • indispensable essential; too important to be without:
      • Cars have become an indispensable part of our lives.汽车已成了我们生活中必不可少的一部分。
    Patterns
    • essential/​vital/​crucial/​critical/​decisive/​indispensable for something
    • essential/​vital/​crucial/​critical/​indispensable to something
    • essential/​vital/​crucial/​critical that…
    • essential/​vital/​crucial/​critical to do something
    • a(n) essential/​vital/​crucial/​critical/​decisive/​indispensable part/​factor
    • of vital/​crucial/​critical/​decisive importance
    • absolutely essential/​vital/​crucial/​critical/​decisive/​indispensable
    Language Bank emphasisemphasisHighlighting an important point强调重点
      • This case emphasizes/highlights the importance of honest communication between managers and employees.这个事例凸显出经理与员工之间坦诚交流的重要性。
      • Effective communication skills are essential/crucial/vital.有效的交流技巧是至关重要的。
      • It should be noted that this study considers only verbal communication. Non-verbal communication is not dealt with here.应该注意的是本研究只考查了言语交流,在此没有涉及非言语交流。
      • It is important to remember that/An important point to remember is that non-verbal communication plays a key role in getting your message across.非言语交流在传递信息过程中起着重要的作用,记住这一点非常重要。
      • Communication is not only about the words you use but also your body language and, especially/above all, the effectiveness with which you listen.交流不仅涉及使用的词语,同时也涉及身体语言,尤其与能否有效听取对方的话有关。
      • I would like to draw attention to the role of listening in effective communication.我想让大家注意倾听在有效交流中扮演的角色。
      • Choose your words carefully: in particular, avoid confusing and ambiguous language.注意用词,特别是避免使用令人费解和有歧义的语言。
      • Finally, and perhaps most importantly, you must learn to listen as well as to speak.最后,也许是最重要的,你不仅要学会说还要学会听。
    Language Bank vitalvitalSaying that something is necessary表达某事是必要的
      • It is vital that journalists can verify the accuracy of their reports.新闻记者能够核实其报道的准确性,这一点至关重要。
      • Journalists play a vital/crucial role in educating the public.新闻记者对教育公众起着极其重要的作用。
      • Public trust is a crucial issue for all news organizations.对所有新闻机构来说,公众的信任是至关重要的问题。
      • The ability to write well is essential for any journalist.好的笔头功夫对任何一个新闻记者都是非常重要的。
      • The internet has become an indispensable tool for reporters.互联网已经成为记者不可或缺的工具。
      • In journalism, accuracy is paramount/…is of paramount importance.在新闻工作中,准确至关重要。
      • It is imperative that journalists maintain the highest possible standards of reporting.新闻记者的当务之急是尽可能保持最高水平的报道。
    Extra Examples
    • Secrecy is crucial to this police operation.保密对警方的这次行动至关重要。
    • A crucial factor affecting educational performance is the competence of the teacher.影响教育绩效的一个关键因素是教师的能力。
    • Getting these procedures right is of crucial importance.让这些程序正确是至关重要的。
    • Winning this contract is crucial to the success of the company.赢得这份合同对这家公司的成败至关重要。
    Oxford Collocations Dictionaryverbs
    • be
    • prove
    • seem
    adverb
    • really
    • very
    • absolutely
    preposition
    • for
    • to
    See full entry
    Word Originearly 18th cent. (in the sense ‘cross-shaped’): from French, from Latin crux, cruc- ‘cross’. The sense ‘decisive’ is from Francis Bacon's Latin phrase instantia crucis ‘crucial instance’, which he explained as a metaphor from a crux or fingerpost marking a fork at a crossroad; Newton and Boyle took up the metaphor in experimentum crucis ‘crucial experiment’.
TOEFL IELTS BNC: 2013 COCA: 2397
crucial

adjective

VERBS | ADVERB | PREPOSITION VERBSbe, prove, seem至關重要;證明至關重要;似乎至關重要become變得至關重要remain仍然至關重要consider sth, deem sth, regard sth as, see sth as認為⋯至關重要ADVERBreally, very非常關鍵absolutely極為關鍵It's absolutely crucial that we get this right.我們要正確理解這個問題,這極為關鍵。fairly, pretty, quite比較/相當/頗為關鍵clearly, obviously顯然至關重要PREPOSITIONfor對⋯至關重要The talks are crucial for the success of the plan.這些談判對計劃的成敗至關重要。to對⋯至關重要Secrecy is crucial to this police operation.保密對警方的這次行動至關重要。
TOEFL IELTS BNC: 2013 COCA: 2397
crucial adj.
essential
TOEFL IELTS BNC: 2013 COCA: 2397
crucial
Important: important, major, key...

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