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an extremely large wave in the sea caused, for example, by an earthquake 海啸
Oxford Collocations DictionaryTsunami is used before these nouns:
A tsunami early warning system was set up in Hawaii. 夏威夷建立了海啸预警系统。 The tsunami caused immeasurable damage. 海啸造成了不可估量的损失。
Word Originlate 19th cent.: from Japanese, from tsu ‘harbour’ + nami ‘wave’.