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  1. (British English also trade union, trades union)
    (North American English also labor union)
    [countable] an organization of workers, usually in a particular industry, that exists to protect their interests, improve conditions of work, etc.工会
    • I've joined the union.我已经加入工会。
    • Teachers' unions in England are demanding the same improvements as in Scotland.英格兰的教师工会要求和苏格兰一样的改进。
    • a union leader/official/representative/activist工会领袖/官员/代表/活动家
    • the right to form a union组织工会的权利
    • Do you belong to a union?你属于某个工会吗?
    • The union represents five million workers.工会代表五百万工人。
    • public sector unions公共部门工会
    • Greece's main workers' union希腊主要的工人工会
    • a union member 工会会员
    • a member of a union 工会成员
    • a fall in union membership工会会员的减少
    Culture trade unionstrade unionsIn Britain, the trade union movement started in the 19th century after the Industrial Revolution when workers began to form groups to argue for improved working conditions and pay. Each trade (= type of work) formed its own union but, over the years, some combined to form larger, more powerful groups. In 1900 the Labour Representation Committee was founded to enable the unions to enter politics and it later became the Labour Party. By 1926 45% of workers were members of a union and the General Strike showed there was wide support for the union movement. After the Second World War union membership continued to grow, reaching a peak in 1979 with a total of over 13 million members. Since then the number of union members has decreased significantly. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s industrial relations in Britain were bad, with many strikes, and in 1979 the Conservative government introduced a number of changes to the law to control the activities of unions. Unions were not allowed to send members to support strike action by another union (called secondary picketing), union leaders could only declare a strike with the support of the majority of their members in a secret ballot and the closed shop which required all employees in an industry to join a union, was ended. Many trade unions are affiliated (= linked) to the TUC which represents the trade union movement as a whole. There is a lot of discussion about how closely the unions should be linked to the Labour Party. In the US, the early unions were mainly craft unions, but in 1905 the IWW united miners and textile workers and became the first labor union. Modern labor unions began as a result of Franklin D Roosevelt's New Deal and in 1935 the Wagner Act gave workers the right to collective bargaining (= negotiation by a group of people) for pay increases, and this led to many new unions being formed. The many strikes after the Second World War caused Congress to pass the Taft-Hartley Act which limited the right of workers to strike and also made the closed shop illegal. Most labor unions belong to the AFL-CIO, which was created in 1955 when the American Federation of Labor joined the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
    Extra Examples
    • She became active in the teachers' union.她在教师工会中变得活跃起来。
    • The nurses' union negotiated a 3% pay rise.护士工会通过谈判达成了3% 的工资增长。
    • The union represents 40% of all hospital workers.该工会代表医院40%员工的利益。
    • The union threatened strike action if its demands were not met.工会扬言若不满足要求就要举行罢工。
    • He spoke out at a meeting of the National Union of Journalists.他在全国记者联盟的一次会议上发表了讲话。
    • The figures come from a survey by public-sector unions.这些数字来自公共部门工会的一项调查。
    • The news emerged yesterday after a meeting between managers and union representatives.这一消息是在经理和工会代表开会后于昨天公布的。
    • unofficial action not authorized by the union leadership 未经工会领导授权的非官方行动
    Topics Businessb1, Working lifeb1
    Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjective
    • labor
    • trade
    • trades
    verb + union
    • form
    • organize
    • set up
    union + verb
    • be affiliated to something
    • represent somebody/​something
    • negotiate (something)
    union + noun
    • confederation
    • federation
    • movement
    See full entry
  2. [countable] an association or a club for people or organizations with the same interest协会;联合会;会社;俱乐部
    • the Scottish Rugby Union苏格兰橄榄球协会
    see also credit union, students’ union (2)
  3. [countable] a group of states or countries that have the same central government or that agree to work together同盟;联盟;联邦
    • the former Soviet Union前苏维埃联邦
    • the European Union欧洲联盟
    • Churchill was not hostile to the continent's attempt at forming a union.丘吉尔并不反对欧洲大陆组建联盟的尝试。
    • The crisis will be discussed as a meeting of African Union leaders this week.这场危机将在本周的非洲联盟领导人会议上讨论。
    see also customs union
  4. Union
    [singular] the US (used especially at the time of the Civil War)(尤指内战时期的)美利坚合众国,美国
    • the Union and the Confederacy合众国与南部邦联
    • the State of the Union address by the President美国总统向国会发表的国情咨文
  5. [uncountable, singular] the act of joining two or more things together; the state of being joined together联合;结合;合并
    • a meeting to discuss economic and currency union讨论经济和货币联盟的会议
    • union with something Northern Ireland’s union with Britain北爱尔兰同英国的联合
    • union between A and B the union between mainland Tanzania and the Zanzibar Island坦桑尼亚大陆和桑给巴尔岛的结合
    • sexual union性结合
    Extra Examples
    • Some of the member states wanted a closer union rather than the loose confederation that developed.一些成员国想要结成更紧密的联盟,不想形成这种松散的联合。
    • a move in the direction of full political union迈向全面政治联合的一步
    • currency union between the two countries两国之间的货币统一
    Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjective
    • close
    • loose
    • full
    verb + union
    • create
    • form
    • dissolve
    • union between
    • union with
    See full entry
  6. [countable] (old-fashioned or formal) a marriage结为夫妻;婚姻
    • Their union was blessed with six children.他们婚后幸得六个儿女。
    Topics Life stagesc2
    Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjective
    • civil
    • legal
    • holy
    verb + union
    • allow
    • recognize
    See full entry
  7. Word Originlate Middle English: from Old French, or from ecclesiastical Latin unio(n-) ‘unity’, from Latin unus ‘one’.


1act of joining; state of being joined聯合;結合ADJECTIVE | VERB + UNION | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEclose緊密的聯盟Some of the member states wanted a closer union rather than the loose confederation that developed.一些成員國想要結成更緊密的聯盟,不想形成這種鬆散的聯合。loose鬆散的聯合full完全聯合a move in the direction of full political union邁向全面政治聯合的一步economic, monetary, political經濟/貨幣/政治統一currency, customs貨幣/關稅統一VERB + UNIONcreate, form建立/形成聯盟dissolve解散聯盟PREPOSITIONunion between⋯之間的統一currency union between the two countries兩國之間的貨幣統一union with與⋯的統一the union with East Germany與東德的統一


2workers' organization工會ADJECTIVE | VERB + UNION | UNION + VERB | UNION + NOUN ADJECTIVElabor, trade, trades (BrE) 工會public-sector, public-service, public-services (all BrE) 公共部門工會;公用事業部門工會government-employee, public-employee (both NAmE) 政府雇員/公務員工會free, independent自由/獨立工會official官方工會big, large, major大型工會France's biggest union法國最大的工會militant, strong激進的/強大的工會local, national地方性/全國性工會industrial (especially NAmE) 產業工會electricians', faculty, teachers', etc.電工、教師等工會She became active in the teachers' union.她在教師工會中變得活躍起來。engineering, health, rail, teaching, transport, etc. (all BrE) 工程師、醫務人員、鐵路員工、教師、交通運輸業從業者等工會student, students'學生會VERB + UNIONform, organize, set up形成/組織/建立工會join加入工會belong to屬於工會recognize承認工會UNION + VERBbe affiliated to sth工會隸屬於⋯represent sb/sth工會代表⋯的利益The union represents 40% of all hospital workers.該工會代表着 40% 的醫院員工的利益。negotiate (sth)工會談判The nurses' union negotiated a new contract.護士工會談成了一份新合同。accept sth, agree (to sth)工會接受/同意(⋯)refuse sth, reject sth, threaten sth工會拒絕⋯;工會威脅要⋯The union threatened strike action if its demands were not met.工會揚言若不滿足要求就要舉行罷工。claim sth, express sth工會聲稱/表示⋯Several unions expressed support for the strike.有幾個工會表示支持這次罷工。support sb/sth工會支持⋯UNION + NOUNconfederation, federation, movement, organization工會同盟;工會聯合會;工會運動;工會組織branch, local (NAmE) 工會分會;地方工會action, activism, activity, militancy, power工會行動;工會活動;工會激進行動;工會力量rights工會權利activist, member, official, rep, representative工會活躍分子;工會會員;工會官員;工會代表spokesman, spokesperson, spokeswoman工會發言人;工會女發言人boss, chief, leader, organizer, president, secretary, shop steward, steward (BrE) 工會主席;工會領袖;工會組織者;工會秘書;工會代表;工會幹事leadership, membership, representation工會領導地位/會員身分/代表conference, election工會會議/選舉shop (NAmE) (員工在一定期限內必須加入工會的)工會企業card, dues (especially NAmE) 工會會員證/會費He paid his union dues to Local Union 98.他向工會第 98 分會交納了會費。law工會法contract (NAmE) 集體合同 note at organization


3between two people結婚ADJECTIVE | VERB + UNION ADJECTIVEcivil, legal民事結合(指同性婚姻);合法婚姻holy, spiritual神聖/精神結合sexual性結合gay, same-sex同性結合;同性婚姻VERB + UNIONallow, recognize許可/承認婚姻states where same-sex unions are recognized承認同性婚姻的州
union noun
union (a trade union) republic (the former Soviet Union)


 See also the entry for organization 另见organization条union ♦︎ club ♦︎ association ♦︎ society ♦︎ alliance ♦︎ league ♦︎ coalition ♦︎ federation ♦︎ guildThese are all words for groups of people, workers, political parties or other organizations who share an interest or purpose. 这些词均表示社团、工会、联盟、协会。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配a national union / club / association / society / league / coalition / federationa local union / club / association / society / coalition / federationan international union / club / association / league / coalition / federationa strong union / alliance / coalition / guilda loose association / alliance / coalition / federationa trade union / association / federation / guilda political club / association / society / alliance / coalitiona professional union / club / association / societyto form a union / a club / an association / a society / an alliance / a league / a coalition / a federationto set up a union / a club / an association / a society / a league / a federationto join a union / a club / an association / a society / an alliance / a league / a coalition / a federationto belong to a union / a club / an association / a society / an alliance / a federationa union / a club / an association / a society meetsa member of a union / a club / an association / a society / an alliance / a league / a coalition / a federation / a guild union [countable] an organization of workers, especially from the same industry; a group of people or organizations with the same interests 工会;协会;联合会The union represents 40% of all hospital workers.该工会代表医院40%员工的利益。He has been appointed head of the Welsh Rugby Union (= sports organization).他已被任命为威尔士橄榄球协会主席。A workers' union is also called a trade union or trades union in British English, or a labor union in American English. Trade unions exist to protect the interests of workers and to improve their conditions of work. 工会在英式英语中亦称作trade union或trades union,在美式英语中亦称作labor union。trade union的存在是为了保护工人的利益和改善他们的工作条件。 club [countable + singular or plural verb] (especially in compounds 尤用于构成复合词) a group of people who meet together regularly for a particular activity or sport 俱乐部;社团;会She plays at the local tennis club.她在当地的网球俱乐部打球。She gives talks at local schools and youth clubs.她到当地的学校和青年俱乐部演讲。Fan club members can get concert tickets at a discount.歌迷会成员购买音乐会门票有优惠。In British English a club is also a professional sports organization that includes the players, managers, owners and members. 在英式英语中,club亦可指包括运动员、主教练、老板和会员在内的职业运动俱乐部。 see also club team 2 association [countable + singular or plural verb] an official group of people who have joined together for a particular purpose 协会;社团;联盟The Football Association has launched an investigation into the incident.足球协会已对此事展开调查。Local councils have begun to work closely with housing associations.地方政务委员会已开始与房屋协会密切合作。Do you belong to any professional or trade associations?你是否加入了任何专业学会或行业协会? society [countable] (especially in names 尤用于名称) a group of people who have joined together for a particular purpose 社团;协会;学会the American Society of Newspaper Editors美国报纸主编协会the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds皇家鸟类保护协会He made few friends and joined few clubs or societies.他没交几个朋友,也没怎么加入俱乐部和协会。NOTE 辨析 Club, association or society?Groups of people who have a shared interest or purpose use all of these words as part of the name of their group, often for historical reasons. A club tends to be involved with a leisure interest, such as a sport or hobby and can be quite informal. A drama club, for example, might be more informal than a more traditional dramatic society. An association is usually an official group representing or concerned with a professional area or a social issue. 拥有共同兴趣或目的的一群人所组成的团体,其名称可以用这些词中的任何一个,至于是哪一个常常是由历史原因决定的。club往往跟业余活动有关,如某项运动或爱好,有时不是很正式。比如,drama club可能比传统的dramatic society更非正式。association通常指代表某一专业领域或与某一社会问题相关的官方团体a trade / professional / residents' / housing association行业协会;专业学会;居民联合会;房屋协会A society often has an academic interest. Most British universities have a number of societies which students with a particular interest, such as history, politics or music can join. Society is also often used in the names of charities. * society往往跟学术兴趣有关,英国大多数大学都有一些society,有某方面爱好,比如喜欢历史、政治或音乐的学生可以加入。society亦常用于慈善机构的名称。 alliance əˈlaɪəns [countable] a group formed by several different people or groups, especially political parties, who work together for a particular purpose (尤指政党的)结盟团体,联盟The Movement for Multiparty Democracy was a loose alliance of opposition parties.多党制民主运动是各反对党的一个松散的联盟。 league liːg [countable] (often used in the names of organizations 常用于组织的名称) a group of people or countries that have combined for a particular purpose 联盟;同盟the League of Nations国际联盟a meeting of the Women's League for Peace妇女和平联盟会议 coalition ˌkəʊəˈlɪʃn; NAmE ˌkoʊəˈlɪʃn [countable] a group formed of several different groups, especially political parties, who agree to work together for a particular purpose (尤指政党的)联合体,联盟The network is a global coalition of environmental and consumer groups.这个圈子网罗了全球的环境保护团体和消费者团体。NOTE 辨析 Alliance or coalition?An alliance can be formed by different people or groups coming together; a coalition can only be formed by two or more groups that already exist. * alliance可由不同的人或群体联合而成,coalition只可由已经存在的两个或多个团体联合而成。 federation ˌfedəˈreɪʃn [countable] a group of clubs, trade unions, etc. that have joined together to form a large organization (俱乐部、工会等的)联合会He proposed a loose federation of small, local groups.他提议小型的地方性团体组成一个松散的联合会。the British Athletics Federation英国田径运动联合会 guild gɪld [countable + singular or plural verb] an organization of people who do the same job or who have the same interests or aims; an association of skilled workers in the Middle Ages (行业)协会;(中世纪的)行会,同业公会He is an active member of the Screen Actors' Guild.他是电影演员协会的活跃成员。The building originally belonged to the guild of clockmakers.这座建筑最初归钟表匠行会所有。Professional groups that have guild as part of their name often started as guilds of craftsmen in the past. 名称中含guild的专业协会,其前身常为昔日的工匠行会。

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