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  1. an object such as a knife, gun, bomb, etc. that is used for fighting or attacking somebody武器;兵器;凶器
    • Modern nuclear weapons are much more destructive than either biological or chemical weapons.现代核武器比生物或化学武器更具破坏性。
    • a lethal/deadly weapon致命武器
    • The police still haven't found the murder weapon.警方仍未找到谋杀的凶器。
    • Police believed the men were carrying weapons.警方认为这些人携带武器。
    • She was convicted of possessing an offensive weapon.她被判拥有攻击性武器。
    • Two officers fired their weapons.两名警察开枪。
    • with a weapon A lone gunman opened fire with an automatic weapon.一名持枪者用自动武器开火。
    Collocations War and peaceWar and peace战争与和平Starting a war开战
    • declare/​make/​wage war (on somebody/​something)(向…)宣战/挑起战争/发动战争
    • go to war (against/​with somebody)(向…)开战
    • cause/​spark/​provoke/​foment/​quell unrest引起/平息骚乱
    • incite/​lead/​crush/​suppress a revolt/​rebellion煽动/领导/镇压起义/叛乱
    • launch/​mount/​carry out a surprise/​terrorist attack发起/实施突然/恐怖袭击
    • prevent/​halt/​represent an escalation of the conflict防止/阻止/表明冲突升级
    • be torn apart by/​be on the brink of civil war被内战搞得四分五裂;濒于内战
    • enter/​invade/​occupy somebody’s territory进入/侵略/占领某人的领土
    • lead/​launch/​resist/​repel an invasion领导/发起/抵制/击退武装入侵
    Military operations军事行动
    • adopt/​develop/​implement/​pursue a military strategy采用/发展/实施/执行军事战略
    • carry out/​execute/​perform military operations/​manoeuvres
    • send/​deploy/​station/​pull back/​withdraw troops派遣/部署/派驻/撤回部队
    • go on/​fly/​carry out a reconnaissance/​rescue mission进行/驾机执行/执行侦察/营救任务
    • train/​equip/​deploy army/​military/​combat units训练/装备/部署陆军/军事/作战分队
    • lead/​launch/​conduct a raid/​a surprise attack/​an (air/​airborne/​amphibious) assault (on somebody)领导/发起/实施(对某人的)突然袭击/(空中/空投部队/登陆)攻击
    • employ/​use guerrilla tactics采用游击战术
    • conduct/​wage biological/​guerrilla warfare进行/发动生物战/游击战
    • fight/​crush/​defeat the rebels/​the insurgency设法战胜/镇压/挫败叛乱者/叛乱
    • suffer/​inflict a crushing defeat遭受惨败;大获全胜
    • achieve/​win a decisive victory赢得决定性的胜利
    • halt/​stop the British/​German/​Russian advance阻止英国/德国/俄罗斯的前进
    • order/​force a retreat命令/强迫撤退
    • join/​serve in the army/​navy/​air force加入陆军/海军/空军;在陆军/海军/空军部队服役
    • be/​go/​remain/​serve on active duty在服现役
    • serve/​complete/​return from a tour of duty在服役;服役完毕;服役归来
    • be sent to the front (line)被派往前线
    • attack/​strike/​engage/​defeat/​kill/​destroy the enemy袭击/攻击敌人;与敌人交战;击败/杀死/消灭敌人
    • see/​report/​be engaged in heavy fighting目睹/报道/参与激战
    • call for/​be met with armed resistance要求/遭遇武装抵抗
    • come under heavy/​machine-gun/​mortar fire冒着激烈的/机关枪的/迫击炮的射击
    • fire a machine-gun/​mortar shells/​rockets (at somebody/​something)(对…)发射机关枪/迫击炮弹/火箭弹
    • shoot a rifle/​a pistol/​bullets/​missiles步枪/手枪射击;发射子弹/导弹
    • launch/​fire a cruise/​ballistic/​anti-tank missile发射巡航/弹道/反坦克导弹
    • use biological/​chemical/​nuclear weapons使用生物/化学/核武器
    • inflict/​suffer/​sustain heavy losses/​casualties遭受惨重损失/伤亡
    • be hit/​killed by enemy/​friendly/​artillery fire被敌军/友军/炮火击中/射死
    • become/​be held as a prisoner of war成为战俘;作为战俘被监禁
    Civilians in war战争中的平民
    • harm/​kill/​target/​protect innocent/​unarmed civilians伤害/杀死/瞄准/保护无辜的/手无寸铁的平民
    • cause/​avoid/​limit/​minimize civilian casualties/​collateral damage导致/避免/限制/最大限度减少平民伤亡/附带性破坏
    • impose/​enforce/​lift a curfew强制实行/解除宵禁
    • engage in/​be a victim of ethnic cleansing参与种族清洗;成为种族清洗的受害者
    • be sent to an internment/​a concentration camp被送到俘虏拘留营/集中营
    • accept/​house/​resettle refugees fleeing from war接受/收容/安置战争难民
    • fear/​threaten military/​violent reprisals害怕/扬言要军事/暴力报复
    • commit/​be accused of war crimes/​crimes against humanity/​genocide犯/被指控犯战争罪/反人类罪/种族灭绝罪
    Making peace和解
    • make/​bring/​win/​achieve/​maintain/​promote peace促使/带来/赢得/实现/保持/促进和平
    • call for/​negotiate/​broker/​declare a ceasefire/​a temporary truce要求/商谈/协商/宣布停战/暂时休战
    • sign a ceasefire agreement签署停战协议
    • call for/​bring/​put an end to hostilities要求发动/引发/结束战争
    • demand/​negotiate/​accept the surrender of somebody/​something强烈要求/商讨/接受…投降
    • establish/​send (in) a peacekeeping force建立/派遣维和部队
    • negotiate/​conclude/​ratify/​sign/​accept/​reject/​break/​violate a peace treaty商讨/达成/正式批准/签署/接受/拒绝/破坏/违反和平协定
    see also biological weapon, chemical weapon
    Extra Examples
    • ‘Load your weapons!’ Barrett ordered.“上膛!”巴雷特命令道。
    • A massive weapons cache was uncovered.发现了一大批私藏武器。
    • Drop your weapons, or he dies!放下武器,不然他就得死!
    • He was charged with assault with a deadly weapon.他被控使用致命武器袭击他人。
    • She pleaded guilty to carrying an offensive weapon.她对自己携带攻击性武器表示服罪。
    • The armed men lowered their weapons and stepped aside.武装人员放下武器,站到一边。
    • The assault forces used heavy weapons, including anti-tank rockets and mortars.突击队使用了重武器,包括反坦克火箭和迫击炮。
    • The guards began to draw their weapons.警卫开始拔出武器。
    • a ban on the use of tactical nuclear weapons对使用战术核武器的禁令
    • arrested for carrying a concealed weapon因秘密携带武器而被捕
    • nuclear weapons proliferation核武器扩散
    • states that have acquired nuclear weapons已获得核武器的国家
    • the illegal transfer of weapons technology to hostile countries非法向敌对国家转让武器技术
    • 14 people were killed when men armed with automatic weapons opened fire on the crowd.携带自动武器的男子向人群开枪,造成14人死亡。
    • Almost any bladed or sharply pointed article is potentially a lethal weapon.几乎任何带刀刃或尖锐的物品都有可能成为致命武器。
    Topics War and conflictb1, Crime and punishmentb1
    Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjective
    • deadly
    • lethal
    • potent
    verb + weapon
    • be armed with
    • carry
    • have
    weapons + noun
    • system
    • technology
    • cache
    • weapon against
    See full entry
  2. something such as knowledge, words, actions, etc. that can be used to attack or fight against somebody/something武器,手段,工具(指用作攻击或斗争的知识、言语、行动等)
    • Education is the only weapon to fight the spread of the disease.教育是战胜这一疾病蔓延的唯一手段。
    • Guilt is the secret weapon for the control of children.愧疚是控制儿童的秘密武器。
    Extra Examples
    • She used humour and wit as weapons against her enemies.她用幽默和智慧来回击她的对手。
    • The team's secret weapon was their new young defender.这个队的秘密武器就是新来的年轻防守队员。
    • The workers' ultimate weapon was the strike.工人的终极武器就是罢工。
    • This relaxation technique can serve as an effective weapon against stress.这种放松方法可作为缓解压力的有效手段。
    Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjective
    • deadly
    • lethal
    • potent
    verb + weapon
    • be armed with
    • carry
    • have
    weapons + noun
    • system
    • technology
    • cache
    • weapon against
    See full entry
  3. Word OriginOld English wǣp(e)n, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch wapen and German Waffe.
be a double-edged/two-edged sword/weapon
  1. to be something that has both advantages and disadvantages既有优点也有缺点;是一把双刃剑
    • Fame is a double-edged sword.名声是一把双刃剑。


ADJECTIVE | VERB + WEAPON | WEAPONS + NOUN | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEdeadly, lethal, potent, powerful致命武器;殺傷力強的武器;威力巨大的武器He was charged with assault with a deadly weapon.他被控使用致命武器襲擊他人。non-lethal非致命性武器dangerous危險的武器effective, useful有效的/有用的武器heavy, light重武器;輕武器The assault forces used heavy weapons, including rockets and mortars.突擊隊使用了重武器,包括火箭彈和迫擊炮。automatic, semi-automatic自動/半自動武器atomic, biological, chemical, nuclear, thermonuclear原子武器;生物武器;化學武器;核武器;熱核武器assault, offensive, strategic, tactical攻擊性/進攻性/戰略/戰術武器She pleaded guilty to carrying an offensive weapon.她對自己攜帶攻擊性武器表示服罪。a ban on the use of tactical nuclear weapons對使用戰術核武器的禁令loaded裝有彈藥的武器conventional, unconventional常規/非常規武器anti-aircraft, anti-tank防空/反坦克武器precision, precision-guided精密/精密制導武器concealed隱藏的武器arrested for carrying a concealed weapon因秘密攜帶武器而被捕banned, illegal被禁/非法武器murder殺人兇器ultimate (often figurative) 進行鬥爭的最終手段The workers' ultimate weapon was the strike.工人的終極武器就是罷工。secret (often figurative) 秘密武器The team's secret weapon was their new young defender.這個隊的秘密武器就是新來的年輕防守隊員。VERB + WEAPONbe armed with, carry, have, possess配備武器;攜帶武器;擁有武器acquire獲得武器states that have acquired nuclear weapons已獲得核武器的國家deploy, fire, use部署武器;開火;使用武器use sth as (often figurative) 以⋯為武器She used wit as a weapon against her enemies.她用智慧來回擊她的對手。load給武器裝上彈藥'Load your weapons!' Barrett ordered.“上膛!”巴雷特命令道。aim, point, raise將武器瞄準;將武器指向;舉起武器brandish, wield揮動/手持武器draw抽出武器The guards began to draw their weapons.警衞開始拔出武器。holster (NAmE) 將武器放入皮套drop放下武器Drop your weapons, or he dies!放下武器,不然他就得死!lower放下武器The armed men lowered their weapons and stepped aside.武裝人員放下武器,站到一邊。build, develop, produce製造/研製/生產武器states developing weapons of mass destruction研製大規模殺傷性武器的國家stockpile大量儲備武器smuggle走私武器WEAPONS + NOUNsystem武器系統technology武器技術the illegal transfer of weapons technology to hostile countries非法向敵對國家轉讓武器技術cache武器藏匿處A massive weapons cache was uncovered.發現了一大批私藏武器。platform武器平台a sophisticated weapons platform尖端武器平台proliferation武器擴散nuclear weapons proliferation核武器擴散capability武器能力facility武器設施a biological weapons facility生物武器設施development武器研製PREPOSITIONweapon against (often figurative) 對抗⋯的武器This relaxation technique can serve as an effective weapon against stress.這種放鬆方法可作為緩解壓力的有效手段。


weapon ♦︎ arms ♦︎ weapons of mass destruction ♦︎ WMD ♦︎ armaments ♦︎ munitions ♦︎ the bombThese are all words for equipment that is used for fighting or attacking sb. 这些词均表示武器、凶器。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配nuclear / conventional weapons / arms / armamentsto carry weapons / armsto be armed with a weapon / weapons of mass destruction / WMDa weapons / arms / weapons of mass destruction / WMD / armaments programmea weapons / arms / armaments / munitions factory weapon [countable] an object such as a knife, gun or bomb that is used for fighting or attacking sb 武器,兵器,凶器(如刀、枪或炸弹)He was charged with carrying an offensive weapon.他被指控携带攻击性武器。The police still haven't found the murder weapon.警方仍未找到谋杀凶器。 arms [plural] (rather formal) weapons, especially as used by an army or the police (尤指军队或警察使用的)兵器,武器Police officers in the UK do not usually carry arms.英国警察通常不携带武器。He encouraged his supporters to take up arms (= prepare to fight) against the state.他鼓动支持者做好准备与政府战斗。The government called on the terrorists to lay down their arms (= stop fighting).政府要求恐怖分子停止战斗。An arms race is a situation in which countries compete to get the most and best weapons. * arms race指军备竞赛The arms race between the superpowers escalated still more.超级大国间的军备竞赛不断升级。 see also arm equip verb 1 ˌweapons of mass deˈstruction [plural] nuclear, chemical or biological weapons that are designed to kill large numbers of people 大规模杀伤性武器(如核武器、化学武器或生物武器)Quite a few countries possess weapons of mass destruction, but few have ever used them.许多国家拥有大规模杀伤性武器,但很少国家使用过。 WMD ˌdʌbljuː em ˈdiː ( WMDs) [plural] (especially journalism 尤用于新闻) an abbreviation for weapons of mass destruction 大规模杀伤性武器(weapons of mass destruction的缩写)The likelihood of terrorists using WMD is low, but their successful use could cause massive casualties.恐怖分子使用大规模杀伤性武器的可能性不大,但如果成功使用就会造成大范围伤亡。 armaments [countable, usually plural] weapons, especially large guns, bombs, tanks, etc. 军备,武器(尤指大型武器)Steel is the most important material in the armaments industry.钢是军火工业最重要的材料。 munitions [plural] ammunition (= the objects fired from weapons) and military weapons, especially those containing explosives 军火;(尤指)弹药The attack failed because of a shortage of munitions.因弹药不足,进攻失败了。 the bomb [singular] (rather informal) nuclear weapons 核武器;核弹None of the countries that have the bomb have actually used it since World War II.第二次世界大战以后,没有一个拥有核武器的国家真正使用过核武器。
Ways of solving problems: solution, compromise, remedy...
Systems and methods for doing things: modality, method, system...

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