# divide

verbVerb Forms

Idioms present simple I / you / we / they divide | |

he / she / it divides | |

past simple divided | |

past participle divided | |

-ing form dividing |

- [intransitive, transitive]
to separate into parts; to make something separate into parts synonym split up（使）分开，分散，分割，分成… The cells began to divide rapidly. 细胞开始迅速分裂。 - divide into something
The questions divide into two categories: easy and hard. 问题分为两类:容易和难。 - divide up
After lunch we divided up for group discussions. 午饭后，我们分头进行小组讨论。 - divide something (into something)
I divided the class into four groups. 我把班级分成四组。 Divide the dough into four pieces. 把面团分成四份。 The book is divided into 11 sections. 这本书分为11个部分。 - divide something up (into something)
A sentence can be divided up into meaningful segments. 一个句子可以划分成有意义的若干部分。

Extra ExamplesTopics Biologyb1Railway enthusiasts divide neatly into two groups. 铁路爱好者简单地分成两类。 We have divided the topics into three categories. 我们把话题分成了三类。 The study divided consumers into five groups. 这项研究将消费者分为五组。 Films tend to divide into two categories: ‘art-house’ and ‘commercial’. 电影往往分为两类:“艺术片”和“商业片”。 The performance is divided into six parts. 演出分为六个部分。 The children divided into three teams. 孩子们分为 3 个队。 The country is divided up into nine regions. 该国划分为9 个区域。 They were randomly divided into three groups. 他们被随机分成三组。 This report is divided broadly into two parts. 这份报告大致分为两部分。 First, divide the class into two groups. 首先，将班级分成两组。 The city was divided into four sectors. 这座城市被划分成四个区。 Flimsy partitions divided up the gallery into claustrophobic rooms. 单薄的隔墙将画廊分隔成幽闭恐怖的房间。 We decided to divide the space with screens. 我们决定用屏风来分隔空间。

Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverb- broadly
- roughly
- exactly
- …

- into

- divide in two

- [transitive] divide something
to separate something into parts and give a share to each of a number of different people, etc. synonym share (3)分配；分享；分担 They could not agree on how to divide the land. 他们无法就如何划分土地达成一致。 - divide something up
Jack divided up the rest of the cash. 杰克把余下的现金分了。 - divide something (up) between somebody
We divided the work between us. 我们共同分担这项工作。 - divide something (up) among somebody
Profits were divided up among the staff. 利润在员工中分配。 The money was divided equally among his sons. 这笔钱由他的儿子们平分了。

Extra ExamplesThe story is about a father who divides his property among his sons. 这个故事讲的是一个父亲给儿子们分配财产的事。 Space is divided according to the needs of individual departments. 空间是根据个别部门的需要来划分的。 Most of the collection was divided among the city's museums. 大部分藏品被分配给了该市的博物馆。 They carefully divided up the cost of the vacations they took together. 他们仔细分摊了一起度假的费用。 The exhibition features the work of 60 artists, evenly divided between well-known and less-familiar figures. 这次展览展示了60位艺术家的作品，他们平均分为知名人物和不太为人所知的人物。

Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverb- equally

- among
- between

- [transitive]
to use different parts of your time, energy, etc. for different activities, etc. 把（时间、精力等）分别用于 - divide something
As working parents we think carefully about how we divide our time. 作为职业父母，我们会仔细考虑如何分配时间。 - divide something between A and B
He divides his energies between politics and business. 他把精力一部分用在政治上，一部分用在生意上。

Extra ExamplesThey divided their time between London and Boston. 他们一部份时间在伦敦，一部份时间在波士顿。 They divide their time between New York and their ranch in New Mexico. 他们在纽约和新墨西哥州的农场之间分配时间。 Her mentor advised her to divide her efforts 80–20, with 80% going to research, and 20% to teaching. 她的导师建议她将努力分成80-20份，80%用于研究，20%用于教学。 The children of immigrants may divide their loyalties between their birth country and their parents'. 移民的子女可能会在他们的出生国和父母之间划分他们的忠诚。 He divides his year between the University of Houston and Florida State University. 他在休斯顿大学和佛罗里达州立大学分班。

Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverb- equally

- among
- between

- divide something
- [intransitive]
(of a road or river )路或河 to separate into two or more parts that lead in different directions 分岔 Where the path divides, keep right. 来到岔口就靠右行。 - divide into something
The river divides into several channels. 这条河分成几条渠道。

Extra ExamplesTopics Transport by car or lorryb1Just past the bridge by a new forestry block, the paths divide. 就在桥的另一边，一个新的森林街区，小路分开了。 There's a signpost where the road divides. 这条路的分岔处有一个路标。 The nearest restaurant is located opposite, just before the road divides. 最近的餐馆就在对面，就在道路分岔之前。 He overtook at the point where the road divides into two lanes. 他在道路分成两条车道的地方超车。 Here the river divides into about four separate streams. 这条河在这里分成大约四条独立的溪流。 Streams divide and unite across the plain. 河流在平原上分开并汇合。

- [transitive] divide A from B (formal)
to separate two people or things 使分离；使分开 - [transitive]
to be the real or imaginary line or barrier that separates two people or things synonym separate是…的分界线；分隔；把…隔开 - divide something (off)
A fence divides off the western side of the grounds. 一道篱笆把庭院的西面隔开。 - divide A from B
The English Channel divides England from France. 英吉利海峡把英法两国分隔开来。

Extra ExamplesA low wall divides the patio from the rest of the garden. 一道矮墙将天井与花园的其余部分隔开。 Britain is divided from the rest of Europe by the English Channel. 英吉利海峡把英国和欧洲其他地区分开了。 the mountains which divide Europe from Asia 把欧洲和亚洲分开的山脉

- divide something (off)
- [transitive, intransitive]
to find out how many times one number is contained in another 除以 - divide something by something
30 divided by 6 is 5 (= 30 ÷ 6 = 5). 30 除以 6 等于 5。 - divide by something
It's easy to divide by ten. 很容易被十除。 The children are learning how to multiply and divide. 孩子们正在学习如何乘法和除法。

- divide something by something
- [intransitive, transitive] divide (something) into something
to be able to be multiplied to give another number 除 5 divides into 30 6 times. 5 除 30 等于 6。

- [transitive]
to make people disagree synonym split使产生分歧；使意见不一 - divide somebody/something
to divide the nation/country 分裂国家 This issue has bitterly divided the community. 这个问题造成社会严重分化。 The building divides opinion (= some people like it and some do not). 这座建筑众说纷纭。 - be divided on/over something
The party is deeply divided on this question. 该党在这个问题上分歧很大。 to be evenly/sharply divided over the issue 在这个问题上意见不一/严重分歧

Extra ExamplesTopics Opinion and argumentb2The issue has divided the government. 这个问题在政府中引起了意见分歧。 The presidential elections divided the nation. 总统选举分裂了这个国家。 a country divided by war 因战争而分裂的国家 The case divided the New York art world at the time. 该案件在当时分裂了纽约艺术界。 a society that was divided along sectarian lines 一个按宗派划分的社会 an issue that threatens to divide society 威胁到社会分裂的问题 I will not allow this to divide our family. 我不会让这件事拆散我们的家庭。 Scholarly opinion is evenly divided on whether the portrait is of a Hellenistic prince or a Roman general. 学者们对这幅肖像是希腊王子还是罗马将军的看法不一。

Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverb- bitterly
- deeply
- seriously
- …

- be divided about something
- be divided on something
- be divided over something
- …

- divide somebody/something
- [intransitive] (+ adv./prep.)
(of two or more people )二人或以上 to disagree 分配；分享；分担 Communities frequently divided along racial lines. 社区经常按照种族划分。

## separate分开

## mathematics数学

## disagreement分歧

Word OriginMiddle English (as a verb): from Latin dividere ‘force apart, remove’. The noun dates from the mid 17th cent.

Idioms

divide and rule

to keep control over people by making them disagree with and fight each other, therefore not giving them the chance to join together and oppose you 分而治之 a policy of divide and rule 分而治之的政策

split/divide (something) down the middle

to divide something into two equal parts; to divide into two equal parts 平分；分为相等的两半