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IELTS BNC: 2501 COCA: 1801


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  1. a game played over a large area of ground using sticks with a special shape to hit a small hard ball (a golf ball) into a series of 9 or 18 holes, using as few shots as possible高尔夫球运动
    • I play golf every weekend.我每个周末都打高尔夫球。
    • He enjoyed a round of golf on a Sunday morning.他喜欢星期天的上午打一场高尔夫球。
    see also crazy golf, minigolf
    Culture golfgolfGolf was first developed in Scotland in the 15th century but is now played all round the world by both professional and amateur players.The aim of golf is to hit a small ball from a tee (= a flat area of grass) into a hole on a green (= an area of grass that is cut very short ), which may be up to 600 yards/550 metres away, using as few shots (= hits) as possible. Most golf courses consist of 18 holes. To make play more difficult they are often hilly and have various natural and man-made hazards such as lakes, bunkers (= shallow holes filled with sand), and rough, long grass or trees on either side of the fairway.Each player has their own ball and several different types of club (woods, irons and a putter) with which to hit it. The club chosen depends on the type of shot the player needs to make. In professional tournaments (= games) players have a caddie to carry the bag of clubs from one hole to the next and to advise them on their play. Players try to finish each hole in a given number of shots, which is known as par. If they use one shot less than par they score a birdie; if they use two shots less they score an eagle; if they use three shots under par they score an albatross. If they manage to get the ball into the hole in a single shot they can claim a hole-in-one. If they use a shot more than par they score a bogey. A handicap is an advantage given to weaker players which is expressed as a number related to the number of shots above par. Professional golfers have a handicap of zero. At the end of a round (= all 18 holes), the player with the lowest score is the winner. Professional matches may consist of several rounds. The result sometimes depends on the total number of shots players have taken (stroke play), or else on the number of individual holes each player has won (match play).Golf began as a sport of the upper classes and in Britain in the past it attracted mainly people in business and the professions. Now it is played by a wide range of people of all classes, and many more golf courses have been built. The game can still be quite expensive to play and membership of the most popular golf clubs may cost a lot of money. The most famous British clubs include the Royal and Ancient at St Andrews, where the first official rules of golf were agreed in 1754, Muirfield and Wentworth. Golf may have been taken to America by people from Scotland in the 17th century, but the first permanent club was not established there until 1888, in Yonkers, New York.There are four important international competitions for professional golfers, known as the majors. They are the British Open, and three held in the US: the Masters Tournament is always held at Augusta, Georgia, the US Open and the US PGA Championship. US and European teams also compete every two years in the Ryder Cup. The major US competitions for women include the US Women's Open and the LPGA Women's Championship. Amateur events include the Walker Cup and the Curtis Cup. Television has helped to increase the popularity of the game.As well as golf courses, there are also many driving ranges where people can practise hitting golf balls over long distances, particularly practising their swing (= way of hitting the ball). Many people who do not play golf enjoy a game of crazy golf (NAmE miniature golf) in a local park. The idea is to hit a golf ball round a small grass and concrete course, through tunnels, over bridges, round small pools, etc. Others enjoy putting, a form of golf on a small grass course.
    Extra Examples
    • Choose from over 100 golf packages in our brochure.请从我们手册中的 100 多个高尔夫球假日旅游套餐中选择。
    • His coach says his golf swing needs improving.他的教练说他的挥杆技术还需要提高。
    • She has a golf handicap of 18.她的差点是 18。
    • She's been a golf widow since she gave her husband his first set of clubs.自从她送给丈夫第一套高尔夫球杆起,她就守起了活寡。
    • The club is holding a golf clinic next week, where golfers can get advice from the pros.俱乐部下周开办高尔夫球讲习班,高尔夫球员可向职业球员请教。
    • The eighth at Banff is one of the world's great golf holes.班夫的第八球洞是世界上最棒的高尔夫球洞之一。
    Topics Sports: ball and racket sportsa2
    Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjective
    • amateur
    • championship
    • pro
    … of golf
    • game
    • round
    verb + golf
    • play
    • take up
    • watch
    golf + noun
    • course
    • links
    • hole
    See full entry
    Word Originlate Middle English (originally Scots): perhaps related to Dutch kolf ‘club, bat’, used as a term in several Dutch games; golf, however, is recorded before these games.
IELTS BNC: 2501 COCA: 1801


ADJECTIVE | ... OF GOLF | VERB + GOLF | GOLF + NOUN ADJECTIVEamateur, championship, pro (informal, especially NAmE) , professional業餘/錦標賽/職業高爾夫球運動
Amateur golf is very competitive.業餘高爾夫球賽競爭相當激烈。crazy, mini (usually minigolf) , miniature (NAmE) 迷你高爾夫The hotel offers miniature golf and other activities for children.賓館為孩子們提供迷你高爾夫等活動。... OF GOLFgame, round一場/一輪高爾夫球賽VERB + GOLFplay打高爾夫球take up開始學習高爾夫watch觀看高爾夫球賽GOLF + NOUNcourse, links高爾夫球場;海濱高爾夫球場hole高爾夫球洞The eighth at Banff is one of the world's great golf holes.班夫的第八球洞是世界上最棒的高爾夫球洞之一。club高爾夫球俱樂部She decided to join a golf club.她決定加入高爾夫球俱樂部。bag, ball, buggy, cart, club, equipment, glove, shoes, tee, umbrella高爾夫球袋;高爾夫球;高爾夫球車;高爾夫球具車;高爾夫球杆;高爾夫球裝備;高爾夫球手套;高爾夫球鞋;高爾夫球球座;高爾夫球場遮陽傘You can borrow golf clubs if you want a game.如果你想打高爾夫球,可以借用球杆。swing高爾夫球揮杆技術His coach says his golf swing needs improving.他的教練說他的揮杆技術還需要提高。championship, game, match, tournament高爾夫球錦標賽;高爾夫球賽title高爾夫球冠軍頭銜handicap高爾夫球差點She has a golf handicap of 18.她的差點是 18。professional, star高爾夫球職業球手;高爾夫球明星fan高爾夫球迷season高爾夫球賽季circuit, scene, tour高爾夫球巡迴賽;高爾夫球球壇clinic, lesson高爾夫球講習班/訓練課The club is holding a golf clinic next week, where golfers can get advice from the pros.俱樂部下週開辦高爾夫球講習班,高爾夫球員可向職業球員請教。correspondent, journalist, reporter, writer高爾夫球記者;高爾夫球運動撰稿人magazine高爾夫球雜誌holiday, package, trip, vacation (NAmE) 高爾夫球假期;高爾夫球包價旅遊;高爾夫球旅行Choose from over 100 golf packages in our brochure.請從我們手冊中的 100 多個高爾夫球假日旅遊套餐中選擇。widow高爾夫球寡婦(因丈夫迷戀高爾夫而受到冷落的妻子)She's been a golf widow since she gave her husband his first set of clubs.自從她送給丈夫第一套高爾夫球杆起,她就守起了活寡。 topic at sports
IELTS BNC: 2501 COCA: 1801
IELTS BNC: 2501 COCA: 1801
Golf: ace, backswing, birdie...

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