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BNC: 1903 COCA: 2890

establishment

noun
/ɪˈstæblɪʃmənt/
/ɪˈstæblɪʃmənt/
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  1. [countable] (formal) an organization, a large institution or a hotel机构;大型机关;企业;旅馆
    • The visa is for foreign nationals wishing to study at a university, college or similar educational establishment.该签证适用于希望在大学、学院或类似教育机构学习的外国人。
    • She's now running a small government research establishment.目前她负责管理一个小型政府研究部门。
    • The hotel is a comfortable and well-run establishment.这家旅馆舒适宜人,管理到位。
    Extra Examples
    • the supply of alcohol in licensed establishments特许供酒机构的酒水供应
    • He was the head of a large residential establishment for severely disabled children.他是一家大型残疾儿童寄宿机构的负责人。
    Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjective
    • drinking
    • eating
    • licensed
    See full entry
  2. (usually the Establishment)
    [singular + singular or plural verb] (often disapproving) the people in a society or a profession who have influence and power and who usually do not support change(通常反对变革的)当权派,权势集团;(统称)权威人士
    • the medical/military/political, etc. establishment医学界、军界、政界等当权派
    • young people rebelling against the Establishment反对当权者的年轻人
    • The members were drawn from the ranks of the Establishment.成员是从当权派中选拔出来的。
    • orthodox Establishment views正统的当权派观点
    Extra Examples
    • O'Connor challenged the liberal establishment on many things.奥康纳在许多事情上对自由派当权者发起了挑战。
    • The British Establishment is very slow to accept change.英国当权派不轻易接受变革。
    • a pillar of the liberal establishment自由派的大佬
    • the Washington media establishment华盛顿媒体界大佬
    • the mainstream political establishment政治领域的主流当权派
    Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjective
    • mainstream
    • academic
    • art
    verb + the establishment
    • offend
    • challenge
    See full entry
  3. [uncountable] the act of starting or creating something that is meant to last for a long time建立;创立;确立
    • The speaker announced the establishment of a new college.发言人宣布了新学院的成立。
    • His visit facilitated the establishment of diplomatic relations between the countries.他的出访促进了国家间外交关系的建立。
    Extra Examples
    • the formal establishment of the republic in 19481948 年该共和国的正式建立
    • a law allowing the establishment of private television stations准许建立私人电视台的一条规定
    • With the establishment of major new markets, the economy is thriving.随着大型新市场的建立,经济越来越兴旺。
    • We would like to encourage the establishment of new farm businesses.我们愿意鼓励建立新的农场企业。
    • This report led to the establishment of a special committee to investigate the matter.这个报道导致成立了一个特别委员会来调查这件事。
    • The months that followed saw the establishment of a strong military presence in the region.在后来的几个月中这个地区出现了大规模的驻军。
    • The commission is calling for the establishment of a national holiday.委员会呼吁设立一个全国性节日。
    • Opposition MPs are calling for the establishment of an independent food and drugs agency.下议院反对派议员要求设立独立的食物和药物部门。
    Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjective
    • formal
    • gradual
    • rapid
    verb + establishment
    • advocate
    • call for
    • propose
    preposition
    • with the establishment of
    See full entry
BNC: 1903 COCA: 2890
establishment

noun¹

1act of starting sth建立ADJECTIVE | VERB + ESTABLISHMENT | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEformal正式建立the formal establishment of the republic in 19481948 年該共和國的正式建立gradual, rapid逐漸建立;迅速建立successful成功建立VERB + ESTABLISHMENTadvocate, call for, propose, recommend, support主張/呼籲/提議/建議/支持建立The commission is calling for the establishment of a national holiday.委員會呼籲設立一個全國性節日。agree to同意建立lead to導致建立This report led to the establishment of a special committee to investigate the matter.這個報道導致成立了一個特別委員會來調查這件事。allow, allow for, enable, encourage, facilitate, provide for准許建立;使能夠建立;鼓勵建立;促進建立;準備建立We would like to encourage the establishment of new farm businesses.我們願意鼓勵建立新的農場企業。prevent阻止建立announce宣佈成立see見證⋯的成立The months that followed saw the establishment of a strong military presence in the region.在後來的幾個月中這個地區出現了大規模的駐軍。PREPOSITIONwith the establishment of隨着⋯的建立With the establishment of major new markets, the economy is thriving.隨着大型新市場的建立,經濟越來越興旺。
establishment

noun²

2business, organization, etc.商業;組織ADJECTIVEdrinking, eating飲品店;餐館licensed (especially BrE) 特許機構the supply of alcohol in licensed establishments特許供酒機構的酒水供應commercial, retail (both especially NAmE) 商業機構;零售機構educational, military, religious, etc.教育、軍事、宗教等機構research, training研究/培訓機構She's now running a small government research establishment.目前她負責管理一個小型政府研究部門。 note at organization (for verbs)
establishment

noun³

3the establishment people in positions of power當權派ADJECTIVE | VERB + THE ESTABLISHMENT ADJECTIVEmainstream主流當權派the mainstream political establishment政治領域的主流當權派academic, art, literary, media, medical, military, musical, political, scientific在學術界/在藝術界/在文學界/在媒體界/在醫學界/在軍事界/在音樂界/在政界/在科學界掌握實權的人士the Washington media establishment華盛頓媒體界大佬clerical, ecclesiastical, religious教會當權者;宗教當權者British, French, etc.英國、法國等當權派The British Establishment is very slow to accept change.英國當權派不輕易接受變革。conservative, liberal保守派/自由派當權者a pillar of the liberal establishment自由派的大佬Democratic, Republican, etc.民主黨、共和黨等的當權者VERB + THE ESTABLISHMENToffend觸怒當權派His abstract paintings offended the art establishment.他的抽象畫觸怒了藝術界的權威。challenge向核心領導人物發起挑戰O'Connor challenged the liberal establishment on many things.奧康納在許多事情上對自由派當權者發起了挑戰。
BNC: 1903 COCA: 2890
establishment noun
authorities (kicking against the establishment) introduction1 (the establishment of a new college)
BNC: 1903 COCA: 2890
establishment
General types of business or company: account, acquisition, affiliate...
General words for leaders and bosses: amakhosi, autocrat, boss...

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