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(plural territories)
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  1. [countable, uncountable] land that is under the control of a particular country or political leader领土;版图;领地
    • enemy/disputed/foreign territory敌方/有争议的/外国领土
    • occupied territories被占领的土地
    • They have refused to allow UN troops to be stationed in their territory.他们拒不允许联合国部队驻扎在他们的国土上。
    Collocations War and peaceWar and peace战争与和平Starting a war开战
    • declare/​make/​wage war (on somebody/​something)(向…)宣战/挑起战争/发动战争
    • go to war (against/​with somebody)(向…)开战
    • cause/​spark/​provoke/​foment/​quell unrest引起/平息骚乱
    • incite/​lead/​crush/​suppress a revolt/​rebellion煽动/领导/镇压起义/叛乱
    • launch/​mount/​carry out a surprise/​terrorist attack发起/实施突然/恐怖袭击
    • prevent/​halt/​represent an escalation of the conflict防止/阻止/表明冲突升级
    • be torn apart by/​be on the brink of civil war被内战搞得四分五裂;濒于内战
    • enter/​invade/​occupy somebody’s territory进入/侵略/占领某人的领土
    • lead/​launch/​resist/​repel an invasion领导/发起/抵制/击退武装入侵
    Military operations军事行动
    • adopt/​develop/​implement/​pursue a military strategy采用/发展/实施/执行军事战略
    • carry out/​execute/​perform military operations/​manoeuvres
    • send/​deploy/​station/​pull back/​withdraw troops派遣/部署/派驻/撤回部队
    • go on/​fly/​carry out a reconnaissance/​rescue mission进行/驾机执行/执行侦察/营救任务
    • train/​equip/​deploy army/​military/​combat units训练/装备/部署陆军/军事/作战分队
    • lead/​launch/​conduct a raid/​a surprise attack/​an (air/​airborne/​amphibious) assault (on somebody)领导/发起/实施(对某人的)突然袭击/(空中/空投部队/登陆)攻击
    • employ/​use guerrilla tactics采用游击战术
    • conduct/​wage biological/​guerrilla warfare进行/发动生物战/游击战
    • fight/​crush/​defeat the rebels/​the insurgency设法战胜/镇压/挫败叛乱者/叛乱
    • suffer/​inflict a crushing defeat遭受惨败;大获全胜
    • achieve/​win a decisive victory赢得决定性的胜利
    • halt/​stop the British/​German/​Russian advance阻止英国/德国/俄罗斯的前进
    • order/​force a retreat命令/强迫撤退
    • join/​serve in the army/​navy/​air force加入陆军/海军/空军;在陆军/海军/空军部队服役
    • be/​go/​remain/​serve on active duty在服现役
    • serve/​complete/​return from a tour of duty在服役;服役完毕;服役归来
    • be sent to the front (line)被派往前线
    • attack/​strike/​engage/​defeat/​kill/​destroy the enemy袭击/攻击敌人;与敌人交战;击败/杀死/消灭敌人
    • see/​report/​be engaged in heavy fighting目睹/报道/参与激战
    • call for/​be met with armed resistance要求/遭遇武装抵抗
    • come under heavy/​machine-gun/​mortar fire冒着激烈的/机关枪的/迫击炮的射击
    • fire a machine-gun/​mortar shells/​rockets (at somebody/​something)(对…)发射机关枪/迫击炮弹/火箭弹
    • shoot a rifle/​a pistol/​bullets/​missiles步枪/手枪射击;发射子弹/导弹
    • launch/​fire a cruise/​ballistic/​anti-tank missile发射巡航/弹道/反坦克导弹
    • use biological/​chemical/​nuclear weapons使用生物/化学/核武器
    • inflict/​suffer/​sustain heavy losses/​casualties遭受惨重损失/伤亡
    • be hit/​killed by enemy/​friendly/​artillery fire被敌军/友军/炮火击中/射死
    • become/​be held as a prisoner of war成为战俘;作为战俘被监禁
    Civilians in war战争中的平民
    • harm/​kill/​target/​protect innocent/​unarmed civilians伤害/杀死/瞄准/保护无辜的/手无寸铁的平民
    • cause/​avoid/​limit/​minimize civilian casualties/​collateral damage导致/避免/限制/最大限度减少平民伤亡/附带性破坏
    • impose/​enforce/​lift a curfew强制实行/解除宵禁
    • engage in/​be a victim of ethnic cleansing参与种族清洗;成为种族清洗的受害者
    • be sent to an internment/​a concentration camp被送到俘虏拘留营/集中营
    • accept/​house/​resettle refugees fleeing from war接受/收容/安置战争难民
    • fear/​threaten military/​violent reprisals害怕/扬言要军事/暴力报复
    • commit/​be accused of war crimes/​crimes against humanity/​genocide犯/被指控犯战争罪/反人类罪/种族灭绝罪
    Making peace和解
    • make/​bring/​win/​achieve/​maintain/​promote peace促使/带来/赢得/实现/保持/促进和平
    • call for/​negotiate/​broker/​declare a ceasefire/​a temporary truce要求/商谈/协商/宣布停战/暂时休战
    • sign a ceasefire agreement签署停战协议
    • call for/​bring/​put an end to hostilities要求发动/引发/结束战争
    • demand/​negotiate/​accept the surrender of somebody/​something强烈要求/商讨/接受…投降
    • establish/​send (in) a peacekeeping force建立/派遣维和部队
    • negotiate/​conclude/​ratify/​sign/​accept/​reject/​break/​violate a peace treaty商讨/达成/正式批准/签署/接受/拒绝/破坏/违反和平协定
    Extra Examples
    • The plane was shot down while overflying enemy territory.飞机在敌人领空飞行时被击落了。
    • The soldiers strayed into hostile territory.士兵们误入敌方领土。
    • The territory had been controlled by Azerbaijan for many years.那片土地已被阿塞拜疆控制多年。
    • a town in British-occupied territory英国占领地上的一个小镇
    • former French territories以前的法国领地
    • Their incursion into foreign territory is a clear act of aggression.他们入侵外国领土是明显的侵略行为。
    Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjective
    • vast
    • new
    • former
    verb + territory
    • hold
    • annex
    • capture
    See full entry
  2. [countable, uncountable] an area that one person, group, animal, etc. considers as their own and defends against others who try to enter it(个人、群体、动物等占据的)领域,管区,地盘
    • Blackbirds will defend their territory against intruders.黑鸟会保卫自己的领地,抵御入侵者。
    • She seems to regard that end of the office as her territory.她似乎把办公室的那一头看成是她的领地了。
    • Each of these gangs has its own territory.每个帮派都有自己的地盘。
    Extra Examples
    • The male establishes a territory and attracts a female.雄性建立领地吸引雌性。
    • The explorers set off to conquer new territories.探险家们动身去征服新的领地了。
    • The territory was never densely settled.那片土地上一直人烟稀少。
    Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjective
    • breeding
    • nesting
    verb + territory
    • defend
    • patrol
    • protect
    See full entry
  3. [countable, usually singular] an area of activity, especially one that is familiar/unfamiliar or somebody's particular responsibility(某类)地区;(某种)地方
    • This type of work is uncharted territory for us.我们从未涉足过这类工作。
    • Legal problem's are Andy's territory.法律问题由安迪负责处理。
    Extra Examples
    • The writer is back on home territory with his latest novel.作者在他的最新小说里又回到了他所熟悉的领域。
    • Tired of writing detective novels, she began to explore new territory.她厌烦了写侦探小说,开始探索新的创作领域。
    • The parties have been staking out their territory on education.各方已经明确了各自在教育问题上的立场。
  4. [countable, uncountable] an area of a town, country, etc. that somebody has responsibility for in their work or another activity(某人负责的)地区
    • Our representatives cover a very large territory.我们的代理人负责的地区很广。
  5. [uncountable] a particular type of land(某类)地区;(某种)地方
    • unexplored territory未勘察地区
  6. (also Territory)
    [countable] a country or an area that is part of the US, Australia or Canada but is not a state or province(美国)准州;(澳大利亚)地区;(加拿大)地区
    • Guam and American Samoa are US territories.关岛和美属萨摩亚是美国的准州。
  7. Word Originlate Middle English: from Latin territorium, from terra ‘land’. The word originally denoted the district surrounding and under the jurisdiction of a town or city, specifically a Roman or provincial city.
come/go with the territory
  1. to be a normal and accepted part of a particular job, situation, etc.成为必然的部分(或结果)
    • She has to work late most days, but in her kind of job that goes with the territory.她在大部分日子里都得加班,但根据她的工作性质,这是不可避免的。
on neutral ground/territory
  1. in a place that has no connection with either of the people or sides who are meeting and so does not give an advantage to either of them在中立地区;在第三方地区
    • We decided to meet on neutral ground.我们决定在第三方领土上会晤。
on neutral territory/ground
  1. in a place that has no connection with either of the people or sides who are meeting and so does not give an advantage to either of them在中立地区;在第三方地区
    • We decided to meet on neutral territory.我们决定在中立国见面。


1area of land that belongs to one country, etc.領土ADJECTIVE | VERB + TERRITORY ADJECTIVEvast廣袤的領土new新領土The explorers set off to conquer new territories.探險家們動身去征服新的領地了。former以前的領地former French territories以前的法國領地neighbouring/neighboring, surrounding毗鄰的領土;周圍的領地home, national國土;國家的領土alien, foreign, overseas異國的領土;海外領地enemy, hostile敵方領土;敵方領地friendly友好的疆土neutral中立的領土colonial, dependent, trust (especially BrE) 殖民/附屬/託管的領地a UN trust territory administered by New Zealand新西蘭管理的聯合國託管領土sovereign主權國領土Troops were stationed on sovereign German territory.軍隊駐紮在德國的主權領土上。annexed, conquered, lost, occupied被併吞的/被征服的/淪喪的/被佔領的國土a town in British-occupied territory英國佔領地上的一個小鎮contested, disputed有爭議的領土familiar, home (both figurative) 熟悉的/得心應手的領域The writer is back on home territory with his latest novel.作者在他的最新小說裏又回到了他所熟悉的領域。uncharted, unexplored, unfamiliar, unknown, virgin (all often figurative) 地圖上未標明的土地;未開發地區;未知領域;處女地dangerous (often figurative) 危險的領域VERB + TERRITORYhold佔據領地annex, capture, conquer, invade, occupy, recapture, take併吞/奪取/征服/入侵/佔據/奪回/侵佔領土control, govern, rule控制/治理/統治領地The territory had been controlled by Azerbaijan for many years.那片土地已被阿塞拜疆控制多年。cede, surrender割讓/放棄領土lose失去領土enter, stray into進入/誤入領土The soldiers strayed into hostile territory.士兵們誤入敵方領土。leave離開領地settle定居於領地The territory was never densely settled.那片土地上一直人煙稀少。stake out (often figurative) 立樁標出領土The parties have been staking out their territory on education.各方已經明確了各自在教育問題上的立場。chart, explore, map out (all often figurative) 用圖標明/探索/在地圖上標出領土Tired of writing detective novels, she began to explore new territory.她厭煩了寫偵探小說,開始探索新的創作領域。cover (often figurative) 涵蓋領域Many books have covered this territory before.以前許多書籍涉及過這一領域。


2of an animal動物ADJECTIVE | VERB + TERRITORY ADJECTIVEbreeding, nesting繁殖地;巢址VERB + TERRITORYdefend, patrol, protect保衞/巡視/保護領地establish, mark, mark out建立/標記/標出領地The male establishes a territory and attracts a female.雄性建立領地吸引雌性。
territory noun
territory (foreign territory) habitat (an animal defends its territory)


territory ♦︎ colony ♦︎ enclave ♦︎ possession ♦︎ dominion ♦︎ satelliteThese are all words for a country or area that is occupied or controlled by another country. 这些词均表示殖民地、托管地、属地。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配(a) British / Spanish, etc. territory / colony / enclave / possessiona self-governing territory / colony / dominion(a) former territory / colony / possessionoverseas territory / possessions territory ˈterətri; NAmE ˈterətɔːri [uncountable, countable] land that is under the control of a particular country or ruler (被某一国家或统治者占领的)领土,版图,领地They have refused to allow UN troops to be stationed in their territory.他们拒不允许联合国部队驻扎在他们的领土上。The killings had set off widespread rioting in the occupied territories.这些杀人事件在被占领地区引发了大规模骚乱。 territorial ˌterəˈtɔːriəl


territorial gains / disputes / claims领土增加/争端;对领土的主张
colony ˈkɒləni; NAmE ˈkɑːləni [countable] a country or area that is governed by people from another, more powerful, country 殖民地East Timor was a former Portuguese colony.东帝汶以前是葡萄牙的殖民地。 colonial kəˈləʊniəl; NAmE kəˈloʊniəl


Western colonial attitudes西方的殖民主义态度
enclave ˈenkleɪv [countable] (rather formal) an area of a country or city where the people have a different religion, culture or nationality from those who live in the country or city that surrounds it 飞地(某国或某市境内具有不同宗教、文化或主权属于他国或他市的地区)The northern part of the city is a Christian enclave.这座城市的北部是一块基督徒飞地。 possession [countable, usually plural] (formal) a country that is owned and governed by another country 殖民地;托管地;属地The former colonial possessions are now independent states.这些前殖民地现已是独立的国家。NOTE 辨析 Colony or possession? Colony is used especially to talk about a country that many people moved to in order to make a new permanent home. A colony is usually far away from the country that controls it. Possession is often used in the plural to talk about all the countries and areas that make up a powerful country's empire. * colony尤指很多人移居过去并打算长久定居的殖民地国家,通常远离控制它的宗主国。possession常用复数形式,指组成一个强大帝国的所有国家和地区。 dominion dəˈmɪniən [countable] (formal) an area controlled by one ruler (一人统治的)领土,版图He ruled over the vast dominions of the Holy Roman Empire.他当时统治神圣罗马帝国的辽阔领土。 satellite ˈsætəlaɪt [countable] a town, country or organization that is controlled by and dependent on another larger or more powerful one 卫星城;卫星国;外围组织Following the Second World War it became a satellite state of the Soviet Union.第二次世界大战之后,它成了苏联的一个卫星国。

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